Блаженні Франсіско та Жасінта Марто – португальські діти, братчик і сестричка, яким разом із кузиною Лусією дос-Сантос 100 років тому у Фатімі об’явилася Пречиста Діва Марія. Вони померли кілька років після об’явлень, маючи відповідно 11 та 10 років. Це перші діти, що не є мучениками, проголошені святими католицької Церкви.

17 років тому святий Папа Іван Павло ІІ проголосив їх блаженними. Канонізації португальських дітей особливо очікували мільйони вірних у всьому світі, що мають набожність до Фатімської Богородиці.

Небагато подій відіграло таку важливу роль в історії Церкви, а навіть і всього світу, як об’явлення Пресвятої Богородиці у Фатімі. Вони почались 13 травня 1917 року і тривали до 13 жовтня того ж року. Пречиста Діва об’являлась трьом португальським пастушкам: Жасінті та Франсіскові, які померли в дитячому віці, й Лусії, яка згодом стала монахинею та померла 2005 року у віці 95-ти років. 2008 року розпочався канонізаційний процес, щоб проголосити її блаженною. А об’явлення Пречистої Діви Марії та Її слова, звернені до трьох пастушків, знайшли шлях до мільйонів сердець в усьому світі і мали значний вплив на історію нашої планети.

13 травня 1917 року троє убогих дітей пасли невелике стадо овець поблизу селища Фатіма. Це були десятилітня Лусія дос-Сантос та її кузини дев’ятилітній Франсіско та семирічна Жасінта Марто. Десь пополудні, проказавши, згідно з добрим звичаєм, молитву на вервиці, вони почали гратись, будуючи хатинку з каменів, якраз на тому самому місці, де тепер стоїть базиліка Фатімського санктуарію. Раптом діти побачили сильне світло. Думаючи, що це блискавка, вони зібралися втікати, як раптом ще один спалах освітив місце, і над дубком діти побачили, за їхніми словами, «Пані, яснішу від сонця». Вона пояснила пастушкам, що потрібно багато молитися і сказала приходити на це місце протягом п’яти місяців, о тій самій годині 13 числа.

Діти приходили туди у червні, липні, вересні та жовтні. У серпні поява відбулася в іншому місці 19 числа, оскільки 13-го міський голова заарештував дітей, вважаючи, що вони баламутять народ. Останнє об’явлення відбулося 13 жовтня в присутності 70 тисяч людей, які після його закінчення стали свідками чудесного явлення: сонце, схоже на срібний диск, почало крутитися довкола себе, як вогняна куля. Того ж дня Пані назвала себе «Пречистою Дівою Вервиці» і просила, щоб на Її честь тут збудовано каплицю. Пізніше, Пресвята Богородиця ще кілька разів з’являлася Лусії, яка на той час вже стала монахинею.

Франсіско помер 4 квітня 1919 року внаслідок епідемії іспанського грипу, а Жасінта, після багатьох страждань, які вона жертвувала за навернення грішникові, померла 10 місяців після Франсіска, 20 лютого 1920 року.

 

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78 Replies to “Фатіма: об’явлення Пресвятої Богородиці в 1917 році

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